Basics of Water Well DrillingWater wells are an essential source of fresh water for many rural homes and businesses. A water well is a drilled hole in the ground that taps into an aquifer, or an underground layer of waterbearing rock, to provide a reliable source of water for household and commercial use. The process of drilling and installing a water well is a complex and expensive undertaking, but it can be done relatively quickly if done properly.


The first step in any water well drilling and installation is to determine the exact location of the aquifer. This is done by using a geophysical survey to measure the electrical conductivity of the surrounding soil. The higher the conductivity, the more likely it is that there is an aquifer in that location. Once the aquifer has been located, the next step is to drill the hole. This is usually done with a large drill rig that is capable of drilling through the soil, bedrock, and even through solid rock.

The drilling rig is equipped with a steel drill bit and a motor that rotates the bit as it drills through the ground. Depending on the type of material being drilled through, the drilling may take several hours or days. Once the aquifer is reached, a casing is inserted into the drilled hole and the drill is removed. This casing helps to protect the aquifer from contamination and helps to keep the water from seeping out of the well.


Once the drilling is complete, the installation of the water well begins. This involves connecting the wellhead to the casing and securing it in place. This is usually done with a series of bolts and clamps that are tightened to secure the wellhead in place. The wellhead also has a valve that controls water flow from the aquifer. Next, the well is fitted with a pump that is used to draw the water up from the aquifer and into the wellhead. This pump is usually powered by electricity, but can also be powered by a generator or other sources of power.

Why Call Ries Well Drilling?

Ries Well Drilling is a fully licensed and insured well-drilling company.  We are top-rated members of the Better Business Bureau, National Groundwater Association, and Michigan Ground Water Association. Always expect quality service and superior workmanship.

If you are searching for a qualified water well maintenance contractor, reach out to Ries Well Drilling today.  We’ll keep your residential water well pump and pipes in great working condition for the winter season.  Contact us today at 586-784-9516.

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Once the pump is in place, the water is then connected to the water system in the home or business. This is usually done with a series of pipes and fittings that carry the water from the wellhead to the fixtures in the home or business. Once the connections are made, the pressure in the water system is tested to ensure that the water is safe to use.


Once the water well is installed, it is important to maintain it on a regular basis. This includes regularly testing the water for contaminants and inspecting the wellhead and pump for any signs of wear and tear. It is also important to check the water pressure to ensure that the pump is operating at the proper level. In addition, the water system should be inspected periodically to make sure that there are no leaks or blockages in the pipes.

Water well drilling and installation is an important process that can provide a reliable source of fresh water for many rural homes and businesses. While the process is complex and costly, it can be done relatively quickly if done properly. In order to ensure the safety of the water and the longevity of the well, it is important to maintain the well on a regular basis and to inspect it for any signs of damage or wear and tear. By doing so, a water well can provide a reliable and safe source of fresh water for many years to come.