Everything You Need to Know About Water Well Pumps

Water wells have become increasingly common — more and more people around the world are relying on water wells to meet their daily water needs. Water derived directly from the ground is free of chemicals and is, therefore, considered to be good for health. Though most water well owners indulge in preventive maintenance, they are clueless about the various components and mechanics of water wells. They, therefore, rely on professional experts to take care of these machines. However, if you use a water well, it is important to know about the various components that the system uses. The pump is one of the vital components of water wells. This article aims to equip its readers with information on water well pumps.

What Is a Water Well?

Water wells are machines or systems that draw water from underground aquifers. Depending on the strength of the components it uses, water wells can draw water from 25-feet (shallow wells) to 100-feet deep wells. The installation process of a water well includes drilling a large-diameter pipe that reaches the underground aquifer. The pump is the most integral component in water wells as it is the pump that draws the water from the aquifer and transfers this water to a storage tank. This water stored in water tanks is then supplied as and when needed to meet a home’s various needs.

What Are the Different Types of Water Well Pumps Currently Available in the Market?

Currently, three different types of water pumps are available in the market.

Submersible Pumps

Submersible pumps are high-powered pumps located inside the well casing. They use a powerful motor and are, therefore, able to draw water both from shallow as well as deep wells. Submersible pumps easily last twenty to twenty-five years. However, these pumps require proper maintenance and care. If your well uses a submersible pump, make sure to have a professional look at it every once in a short while.

Centrifugal Pumps

Centrifugal pumps are not very powerful and use a small motor. They, therefore, are generally used to draw water from shallow water wells. A single pipe connects the pump to the borehole and the water column. Since these pumps are smaller, they are also easier to maintain. However, their life is slightly less than that of submersible pumps.

Jet Pumps

These pumps have become increasingly popular around the world. The design of jet pumps includes two pipes, which allows the pump to draw water at high pressure and velocity. These pumps are of two types, one designed for shallow water wells and the other intended for deep-water wells. Shallow jet pumps use low-power motors and can draw water from only shallow wells. On the other hand, deep jet pumps use high-power motors and are used for deep-water wells. Jet pumps need proper care and maintenance. If you find any noise or smell coming from this type of pump, make sure to have an expert check it immediately.


Pumps are the most crucial component in water wells. If anything happens to the pump, the machine will stop working altogether. Therefore, well owners must take extra care of their water well pump. Preventive maintenance is essential — have a professional check your water well pump once every once in a few months.

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